Punctuation Pattern Sheet
An independent clause has a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a sentence.
# 1 Independent clause. Independent clause.
#2 Independent clause; independent clause.
#3 Independent clause;therefore, independent clause.
#4 Independent clause,for independent clause.
#5 Independent, his heart beating wildly, clause.
on the other hand,
who knows me well,
A subordinating conjunction in front of an independent clause turns it into a dependent clause. (Phrases lack subjects or verbs or both; treat them like dependent clauses when you punctuate sentences.)
#6 If dependent clause, independent clause.
#7 Independent clauseif dependent clause.
#8 Independent clause: A, B, and C.