Chicago Style Bibliography


General formatting guidelines:

  • Sources should be listed in alphabetical order.

  • Page should be single-spaced with a blank line between each source.

  • Use a hanging indent (first line is normal, second line is indented).

  • Do not number your sources in a bibliography.

  • The title of the page should be: Bibliography (Not Works Cited).

  • Always italicize or underline book, journal, and newspaper titles. Choose one method (italics or underline) and be consistent. Don't use both in the same bibliography.

To view an example bibliography, click here and go to the last page of the document that loads.


» Basic format for a book:


Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, year of publication.


Fiege, Mark. Irrigated Eden: The Making of an Agricultural Landscape in the American West. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999.


» Journal Article:


Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Journal Title Volume number (year): page numbers.


Miller, M. Catherine. “Riparian Rights and the Control of Water in California, 1879-1928: The Relationship Between Agricultural Enterprise and Legal Change.” Agricultural History 59 (1985): 1-24.


» Magazine or Newspaper Article:


Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Magazine/Newspaper Title, date of publication, page number.


Harris, Daniel. “They’re At It Again! The Three Big Exploiters.” Kern County Labor Union Journal, March 28, 1941, 1.


» Book Review in a Journal:


Reviewer’s Last Name, First Name. Review of Title of Book, by First and Last name of book’s author, Title of Journal Volume number: Issue number (Year): page numbers.


Worster, Donald. Review of Battling the Inland Sea: American Political Culture, Public Policy, and the Sacramento Valley, 1850-1986, by Robert Kelley, Journal of Economic History 51:1 (March 1991): 236-7.


» Book Review in a Newspaper or Magazine:


Reviewer’s Last Name, First name. Review of Title of Book, by First and Last name of book’s author, Title of Magazine/Newspaper, date of publication, page number.


Needham, Wilbur. Review of The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, Los Angeles Times, April 16, 1939, C8.


» Web Site or Web Page:


Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Document,” Title of Web Site. last date edited or date accessed. http:// URL of web page.


Cruickshank, Robert I. “Review of The Devil in Silicon Valley: Northern California, Race, and Mexican Americans, by Stephen J. Pitti,” H-Net Reviews. Last modified June 2003.


Graham, Don. “Frank Norris.” A Literary History of the American West. Last modified 1998.


University of North Carolina, Wilmington. "Melton A. McLaurin, Professor Emeritus." University of North Carolina, Wilmington: History Department. Accessed May 29, 2011.

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