Levan Center for Humanities

     The Norman Levan Center for the Humanities

   Levan Humanities Review


Current Issue: Volume 5, Issue 1, 2017



Susan Abbassi is a writing specialist who holds an MA in English literature and a double BA in Religious Studies and English literature from California State University, Bakersfield.  She is currently working in the Writing Center at Bakersfield College, and she is the faculty advisor for the Muslim Student Association (MSA) at Bakersfield College.

         Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "BEING Love IS BETTER" (Poem)

         Volume 5, Issue 1 --  Hijab: More Than a Piece of Cloth (Essay)

Kendal Moya Arthur is a professor of philosophy at Bakersfield College.  She earned a B.A. in Religious Studies and a B.S. in Biology from U.C. Davis, and an M.A. in Philosophy from U.C. Santa Barbara. Besides a continuing interest in the Camino, she has written about Dine’ weaving traditions as a reflection of a sacred scripture and the religious practices and worldview of ancient Chumash culture in the Carrizo Plain National Monument.

         Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Disconnect to Connect" (Essay)

Andrew Baker is Associate Professor of English for Multilingual Students at the Delano Campus of Bakersfield College.  An introvert (an INTJ on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, in fact), he enjoys empowering students to learn about their own personalities, especially in ways that allow them to takeadvantage of the learning environment.  He lives with two Scottish terriers—an introvert and an extrovert. 

         Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "A Review of Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World that Can’t Stop Talking
                                                            by Susan Cain (Broadway, 2013)" (Book Review)

Stafford Betty is a professor of religious studies at CSU Bakersfield, where he specializes in philosophy of religion, Asian religious thought, and death and afterlife studies. He has published often in scholarly journals, but prefers to reach out to “real people” through his books, such as The Afterlife Unveiled.

         Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Why Does God Let Us Suffer?  A Scientific Answer" (Essay)

Portia Choi , M.D., MPH, is a physician specializing in preventive medicine.  After retiring from a career in public health, she uses her medical experience and knowledge, selectively.  She devotes her time promoting poetry through events such as First Friday, Open Mic, and National Poetry Month in April with other community poets, and through the website www.kernpoetry.com.  She published a book of poems of her experience in Korea: Sungsook, Korean War Poems

        Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "At Death Point" (Poem)

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Emptiness" (Poem)

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- co-Author with Dr. Thomas Larwood, "Medical Missionary Journey" (Essay)

        Volume 3, Issue 1--  Poetic Buena Vista:  A Review of Local Color 

                                                            by Don Thompson (Aldrich Press) (Book Review)

         Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Nest" (Poem)

         Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Aids" (Poem)

         Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "Communalism at Auschwitz" (Poem)


Charles F. Collins., earned a BA in History from U.C. Berkeley, an MA in History from UCLA, and a JD from the University of Santa Clara Law School.  He has practiced law for 31 years and is currently a Deputy County Counsel for the County of Kern. Mr. Collins has taught courses in the History of Islam for the Levan Institute of Lifelong Learning. 

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "There Was No Byzantine Empire" (Article)

Richard Collins., Professor of English and Dean of the School of Arts and Humanities at CSU Bakersfield, earned his BA at the University of Oregon and his MA and PhD at the University of California, Irvine.  He has published poetry, fiction, essays, and criticism in a number of journals, including Fiction International, The Literary Review, The Southern Humanities Review, and many others.  More on the 75th Anniversary Celebration of The Grapes of Wrath can be found at http://www.csub.edu/ah/grapesofwrath/.

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "'A Little Piece of  Great Big Soul': Celebrating 75 Years of The Grapes of Wrath" (Essay)

John Davies has been teaching as an adjunct in the English Department at Bakersfield College for the past three years.  He received his Masters Degree in English from Cal State Bakersfield, with a thesis entitled Aesthetic Humanism: The Radical Romantic Vision of Blake and Byron. John has been writing poetry for over twenty years and has a spoken word play called Jesus Died for All Spiders

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Sonnet for a Lost Lover" (Poem)

Mustafah Dhada is Professor of History at California State University, Bakersfield, and author of several scholarly works, which include two seminal monographs, one on The End of the Portuguese Empire in West Africa, 1953-1973.  His latest work is The Portuguese Massacre of Wiriyamu in Colonial Mozambique, 1972-2013 (London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic Press, 2015).

        Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Iran: And What to do About It" (Article)

Geoffrey Dyer is the author of The Dirty Halo of Everything (Krupskaya, 2003). He is a professor of English at Taft College where he teaches literature and creative writing.  He is faculty advisor to the student-edited literary publication A Sharp Piece of Awesome.

         Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Glued" (Poem)

         Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Passport from Paradies:  Earliest Urbanization of Wilderness as a Lens for Reading

                                                      Gilgamesh and Genesis" (Article)

Nancy Edwards Nancy Edwards is an emerita professor of English at Bakersfield College. She has a BA from Whittier College, MA from San Jose State University, and PHD from Claremont University. Her poetry and fiction have appeared in a number of literary journals.  She has done readings in the Los Angeles area and central valley.   

        Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "A Stone's Throw" (Essay)

        Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Firewood" (Poem)

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "A Good Job" (Poem)

        Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Flower Girl" (Poem)

        Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Elevation" (Poem)

Gary Enns is Professor of English at Cerro Coso Community College, part-time lecturer of creative writing and literature at CSU Bakersfield, and Director of the Zen Fellowship (www.zenfellowship.org).  He has a Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing from the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.  His writing has appeared in literary and contemplative journals such as Granta, Crazyhorse, Sweeping Zen, Southern Humanities Review, and The Wayfarer: A Journal of Contemplative Literature.  He lives in Bakersfield with his wife Cortnie and three children.

         Volume 5, Issue 1 -- Wholeheartedly Present: A Review of Tim Burkett’s Nothing Holy About It:

                                                             The Zen of Being Just Who You Are  (Book Review)

Jim Entz earned an M.F.A. in Painting from Otis College of Art and Design. He is currently a visual artist, sometime poet, and professor of Art at Porterville College.

          Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "River and Light Archetype" (Poem)

Christopher Fendt was born in Orange, California, where, as early as grade school, he was recognized for his writing ability. One high school English instructor called him a young Wordsworth.  He has a BA in English from California State University, Fullerton, and can be found reading his work at a local coffee shop in his current hometown of Bakersfield.

          Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "Home" (Poem)

Diane Funston lives in the mountains of Tehachapi, California.  She has worked in the field of developmental disabilities and mental health.  She enjoys nature and observing the human condition. 

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "What I Left Behind" (Poem)

Roger Funston, after living in Southern California, made the move to the wide open spaces of Nevada.  When not toiling on his day Job he reads and walks dogs in the nearby forest.  Every so often he drives to his vacation home in the Tehachapi Mountains. 

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Alabama Hills" (Poem)

        Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "The Dry Side" (Poem)

Matthew Garrett is an Associate Professor of History at Bakersfield College. His research and writing center on race and ethnicity in the American West, with particular focus on Native Americans.  He holds a PhD in Native American History from Arizona State University, an MA in American History from the University of Nebraska, and a BA in History Teaching from Brigham Young University.

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "“There are more things in heaven and earth”:  A Historiographical Review and 

                                                        Prognosis of Mormon and Native American History" (Article)

Michael Harvath has been a professor of economics at Bakersfield College for 17 years.  Between receiving his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago and joining BC, he taught college economics courses onboard navy ships on deployment for two years.

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "A Review of Capital in the Twenty-First Century by Thomas Piketty 

                                                         (Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014) (Book Review)

Sally Hill is emerita professor of psychology at Bakersfield College.  She began teaching in 1969 and retired in 2003.  She was a recipient of the Shirley Trembly Distinguished Teaching Award and is a Bakersfield College alumna. 

        Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "A Fish Called Rover: Personal Reflections on Alzheimers" (Essay)

Gilbert P. Gia was raised and educated in East Bakersfield and is a product of Bakersfield College.  He is historian for Kern Division, California Retired Teachers Association, board member of Friends of the Northeast Library, and past president of the Kern County Historical Society. 

         Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "A Call From the Child by the Freeway" (Essay)

         Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "The Case of Artemio Cruz at Bakersfield College" (Article)

Helen Heightsman Gordon, MA, EdD, served as a Professor of English and academic counselor for 21 years at Bakersfield College following 9 years at Porterville College. She published 5 textbooks and numerous articles while at BC, and after retirement published a novel about the slave girl Malinalli and Hernan Cortes.  She received the prestigious Faculty Colloquium Award from the Norman Levan Center for the Humanities in 2011, and gave her scholarly presentation “Sleuthing the Shakespeare Mysteries.”

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "At the Temple of Isis" (Poem)

Gerald Haslam is a Professor Emeritus of English at Sonoma State University, and a well-known writer of valley fiction and about country music in California, including Workin’ Man Blues.  His many books have received literary honors like the Josephine Miles National Literary Award for Haslam’s Valley and the Western States Book Award for Straight White Male.  He has recently published a biography of S. I. Hayakawa, In Thought and Action: The Enigmatic Life S. I. Hayakawa, which has been honored with several  awards. 

        Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Language and Politics" (Essay)

Jack Hernandez is the Director of the Norman Levan Center for the Humanities at Bakersfield College.

          Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "The Poetry of Power" (Essay)

          Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Suicide: A Personal and Philosphical Reflection" (Essay)

Lily E. Hirsch has a Ph.D. in musicology from Duke University.  She is the author of books A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany: Musical Politics and the Berlin Jewish Culture League (University of Michigan Press, 2010), Music in American Crime Prevention and Punishment (University of Michigan Press, 2012), and co-editor of Dislocated Memories: Jews, Music, and Postwar German Culture (Oxford University Press, 2014).  Her research has also appeared in Rethinking Schumann (Oxford University Press), Musical Quarterly, Philomusica, the Journal of Popular Music Studies, American Music, and Popular Music and Society. .

         Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "For and Against Music" (Essay)

Catherine Abbey Hodges is a professor of English at Porterville College.  Her full-length poetry manuscript Instead of Sadness was selected by Dan Gerber as winner of the inaugural Barry Spacks Poetry Prize and was published in 2015 by Gunpowder Press.  Catherine’s poems can be found in traditional and online literary venues, including The Southern Review, Tar River Poetry, Cider Press Review, Connotation Press, and Verse Daily.  At Porterville College, she enjoys mentoring student writers.

        Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Woman With Fish in Her Hair" (Poem)

David M. Keranen is a retired Bakersfield College mathematics professor. He has a BS degree in physics from Michigan State University and an MAT in mathematics from Cornell University. He has worked as a draftsman in the auto industry and has taught two years of high school math and two years at Michigan Tech.

        Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "Humanism" (Essay)

Rae Ann Kumelos is a Professor of English at Bakersfield College and holds a Ph.D. in Mythology and Masters in Mythology and Literature.  Her Voice of the Animal radio show was broadcast on XM Satellite Radio for five years, and she has written for a variety of scholarly and national publications.  A 2015 Levan Summer Scholar, she presented a conference paper at Oxford University on the animal/human relationship.  She is co-Editor of Bakersfield College's online journal of student works, Roughneck Review.

      Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Snakes--It Had to Be Snakes" (Essay)

      Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "The Hoe: A Foe?" (Essay)

Thomas B. Larwood, M.D. began practicing medicine in Bakersfield in 1959.  In 1972 he married Pauline, who became the first woman elected to the Kern County Board of Supervisors.  Highest on his list of interests is raising awareness of Valley Fever and obtaining a vaccine to prevent it. 

        Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Oral History of Dr. Larwood, Medical Missionary to Korea "  (Essay) 

                                                                                                                                       (co-Author with Dr. Portia Choi)

Marci Lingo. recently retired, taught at Bakersfield College for 30 years, first teaching English and then serving as a Reference Librarian.  She earned an AA from BC, her BA from University of the Pacific, an MA in English from CSUB, and her MLIS from San Jose State University.

         Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Standing Our Ground in Kern County:  A Perspective on Intellectual Freedom 

                                                    and Censorship" (Essay)

         Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Forbidden Fruit: The Banning of The Grapes of Wrath in Kern County" (Article)

Marit MacArthur is an associate professor of English at CSU Bakersfield.  She was born in North Carolina and raised in Colorado.  She earned a B.A. from Northwestern University, a Ph.D. from the University of California, Davis, and a MFA in poetry from Warren Wilson College.

             Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Comfort Zone" (Poem)

Fidel A. Martinez was born and raised in Bakersfield, California.  He has a degree in English Literature and is an attorney at law.  He has published three books of poetry and is currently editing his fourth collection..

        Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Moses Looking at the Night Sky" (Poem)

Christopher Meyers is Director of the Kegley Institute of Ethics and Professor of Philosophy at CSU Bakersfield.  The author of two books and three dozen articles, he is also the ethics consultant for most Bakersfield hospitals.  His current project is a book manuscript for Wiley-Blackwell publishing titled The Professional Ethics Toolkit.

             Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Religious Beliefs, the Courts, and Healthcare Decision-Making" (Article)

Matthew Morgan is a professor of philosophy at Bakersfield College. He received a 2012 Levan Summer Grant to do research on this piece at the University of San Diego.

             Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Paolo Freire, John Huppenthal, and the Tucson Unified School  

                                                        District's Mexican-American Studies Program" (Article)

David Moton has been Professor of English at Bakersfield College since 1998 and has been a research fellow at UCLA, CSUB, and the Library of Congress thanks to a grant from the National Endowment of the Humanities and the CCHA.  His most recent publication, “Love Not the Wind,” was originally presented at the conference Global Climate Change: Impacts, Responses Conference in Reykjavik, Iceland, and was funded by a Levan Center summer scholarship grant.  His series of science-fiction novels, The Sixth Paradigm, will begin publication in 2015.

             Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Love Not the Wind:  Anthropogenic Climate Change in Near-Future 

                                                                    Science Fiction " (Article)

Al Naso was born November 28, 1931, in Brooklyn, New York.  He served in Korea from 1952 to 1954.  He obtained a Bachelor of Industrial Design degree at Pratt Institute in 1954 and a Master of Art degree from New York University in 1968.  He taught at the Newark School of Fine and Industrial Art from 1961 to 1968 and at Bakersfield College from 1968 to his retirement in 2000.  He served as interim dean at the College of San Mateo in 2007 and has been teaching classes in art and memoir writing for the Levan Institute for Lifetime Learning since 2009.

                  Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "The Art of Teaching Art"   (Essay)

Joshua Ottum is Professor of Commercial Music and Director of the Performing Arts Center for Entrepreneurship at Bakersfield College. His research on functional music and environmental humanities has appeared in Perspectives on Music Production (Routledge), Noise and Silence (Oxford), and Social Alternatives.  He holds an MFA in Integrated Composition Improvisation and Technology from UC Irvine and a Ph.D. in Interdisciplinary Arts from Ohio State University.

                  Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "Listening to Oil  (Article)

Anna Poetker is a philosophy professor at Bakersfield College. She has a BA in philosophy from UCLA, with a concentration in ethics, and an MA in philosophy from Loyola Marymount University, with an emphasis in 20th century continental thought.  She earned her Doctorate in Education from California Lutheran University, focusing on diversity and inclusivity in higher education. Her doctoral dissertation researched the experiences of undocumented Latino/a college students at the two-year level.  She is an advocate for DREAMers and other vulnerable student populations at Bakersfield College.

                  Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "The Struggles and Success of Undocumented Latino College Students"   (Article)

Warren Pechin has been a CA licensed Architect since 1975, who has lived in Bakersfield since 1951, serving his profession as the President of the American Institute of Architects, Golden Empire Chapter in the mid-1980s. His architectural firm has completed Centennial and Liberty High Schools, the County Public Services Building, East Bakersfield and Shafter High Schools’ new gymnasiums, over a dozen city and county fire stations, and over one hundred custom homes and 3500 merchant-built residences.  He is currently writing a new book, “Bakersfield’s Historical Buildings,” and he is about to publish a novel with an architectural theme titled “Retribution.”

                  Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Tragedies Illuminated Character"   (Article)

Robert E. Price, who joined The Californian in 1988, has covered sports, the oil industry, local government, and music and entertainment.  Among his most memorable projects: “The Bakersfield Sound,” a 1997 series documenting Bakersfield’s rich musical history, and “The Lords of Bakersfield,” a 17,000-word look at the sordid circumstances surrounding the 2002 stabbing death of Assistant District Attorney Steve Tauzer, for with the Californian earned the University of Oregon’s Payne Award for Ethics.  Price is the Executive Editor of the Californian and author of a book on migration and music, The Bakersfield Sound: How a Generation of Displaced Okies Revolutionized American Music (2015).

                  Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "The Bakersfield Sound:  How One Town’s Honky-Tonk Culture Nurtured 

                                                                              a Revolution in American Music"   (Article)

Oliver A. Rosales is Associate Professor of History and Faculty Coordinator for the Social Justice Institute at Bakersfield College.  In 2013, he was a visiting fellow at Harvard University for the National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute on Civil Rights for College and University Teachers.  He earned his Ph.D. in history from UC Santa Barbara.

                  Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Reading Bakersfield into U.S. Civil Rights Historiography: An Early Career

                                                                            Reflection on Educational Autobiography, Research, and 

                                                                            Historical Writing"   (Article)

Wesley Sims is a professor of English at Bakersfield College. He received a 2012 Levan Summer Grant to do research on this piece at an Experiencing Prisons Conference in Prague.

                  Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "The Other Wes Moore:  Teaching the Incarcerated Status Quo"   (Book Review)

Valerie Schultz is author of Closer: Musings on Intimacy, Marriage, and God, and a columnist for The Bakersfield Californian.  Her work has appeared in The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times, and many Catholic and parenting magazines. She works in a state prison library. 

                  Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Writing on the Inside"   (Essay)

Nick Strobel is Professor of Astronomy and director of the William M. Thomas Planetarium at Bakersfield College.  He also writes a twice-monthly column for The Bakersfield Californian.  He is the author of Astronomy Notes available at www.astronomynotes.com.

                  Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Science as Human Expansion Instead of Economic Engine"   (Book Review)

Davis Smith is a graduate of Bakersfield College and California State University Los Angeles. His poetry has been published by the California State Poetry Society and the California Writers Club.

                  Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "On Winter's Road" (Poem)

Don Stansbury received a BS from UCLA and MA in English from San Jose State University.  Now retired, he was Professor of English at Bakersfield College for 26 years and was chair of English and Modern Languages Departments.  He published two textbooks: Improving College English Skills (Scott-Foresman) and Impact: Short Stories for Pleasure (Prentice-Hall).

                  Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Living Dyingly:  A Review of Mortality, by Christopher Hitchens" (Book Review)

Don Thompson was born and raised in Bakersfield, California, and has lived in southern San Joaquin Valley for most of his life. Currently the Poet Laureate of Kern County, he has been publishing poetry since the early sixties, including a dozen books and chapbooks.  For more information and links to his publications, visit his website San Joaquin Ink (don-e-thompson.com).

                  Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Linguistics" (Poem)

                  Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Labor Camp" (Poem)

                  Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Remembering Wilma (Essay)

                  Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "Of Jade Flower and Miss Jones"

Terry Tripp currently resides in California, where he teaches high school art and evening university classes. He spends free time writing creatively and making art, which he actively shows in Los Angeles.  He graduated from California State University, Bakersfield, with a BA in English and a BA in psychology, and he earned an MA in Education from Point Loma Nazarene University and an MFA in Visual Art from Azusa Pacific University.

                 Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "A Falling Star" (Poem)


Miriam Raub Vivian received her Ph.D. in Roman History from UC Santa Barbara in 1987 and is in her 27th year at CSU Bakersfield.  She specializes in the Late Roman Empire, particularly the transformation of the Roman world from a classical to a Christian civilization, and her publications have focused mainly on the role of monasticism in this evolution, including of their sites on the landscape of the Roman world. Her interest in the physical world of the Romans extends to their engineering and construction, and her love of travel to Roman sites has made many of those discussed in this essay very familiar

                  Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "'What have the Romans ever done for us?':  The Legacy of Roman Building" (Article)


Tim Vivian is a professor of religious studies at CSU Bakersfield and priest-in-charge at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Bakersfield.  He has published numerous books and articles on early Christian monasticism.

                  Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Review of On God’s Side: What Religion Forgets and Politics 

                                                                       Hasn’t Learned about Serving the Common Good" (Book Review)

                  Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "The Beauty and Strangeness of the Soul: A Review of Marilynne 

                                                                        Robinson's Lila (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2014)" (Book Review)

                  Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "To a Few Late Saints of Poetry" (Poem)

                  Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Imagine" (Poem)

                  Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "Roots to the Earth by Wendell Berry, wood engravings by Wesley Bates 

                                                                       (Berkeley: Counterpoint, 2016 [reprint of a 2014 limited edition]) (Article)

                                                             "To One Who Coughed into Darkness" (Poem)

Scott Wayland has been teaching English at Bakersfield College for almost twenty years.  When he’s not in the classroom or buried under a stack of essays, he can still be found chasing dreams in the deserts and mountains of the American west. 

                   Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Searching for Matthew Green"  (Essay)


Reginald Williams teaches philosophy at Bakersfield College and holds a PhD in philosophy from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.  His work has appeared in several journals, including Utilitas, Journal of Moral Philosophy, Ethical Theory and Practice, and Public Affairs Quarterly, on whose editorial board he serves.

                   Volume 1, Issue 1 -- "Racism, Sexism, and Misogyny"  (Article)

                         Volume 2, Issue 1 -- "Feminism and the “New” Ampersand Problem"  (Article)

Matthew Woodman teaches at California State University, Bakersfield, and is the poetry editor for the Chilean Journal Southern Pacific Review.

                   Volume 3, Issue 1 -- "Faculty Towers"  (Poem)

                   Volume 5, Issue 1 -- "Collusion at Levels the Likes of Which" (Poem)

Peter Wonderly is a life-long resident of Bakersfield and attended Bakersfield College and California State University, Bakersfield.  He teaches history at a continuation high school, owns and operates DJ and sound reinforcement business, and does insurance and financial planning. In his leisure time, he runs sound and lighting for the Bakersfield Jazz Workshop, reads voraciously, runs with his terriers, Tory and Zoey, and participates in the Literary Lush Book Club with his wife, Patty Renfro Wonderly, who is a writer.

                   Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "The Efficiency of Micro Loans in a First World Nation: A 

                                                                        Mixed Bag"  (Article)

Jana Lee Wong currently teaches English at Bakersfield College.  She is the author of the published poems “The Monks on Time’s Hill” (California Quarterly of Poetry), “Daughter” (A Sharp Piece of Awesome), and the short stories “Bird’s Nest Soup” and “Lucky Man” (Carus Publishing). The poem “Soul Mate” was written after a dream where the author envisioned herself reincarnated without her soul mate to accompany her. 

                   Volume 4, Issue 1 -- "Soul Mate"  (Poem)


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